Toggle menu

Wellington Square and Lane (also Wellington Street, Maybole and Wellington Street, Prestwick)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, was Britain's foremost military commander during the Napoleonic Wars. In conjunction with Marshall Blucher's Prussians, he brought the wars to an end by decisively defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

His rise to prominence began in 1797 when the regiment he commanded was sent to India to reinforce the East India Company's troops in a campaign against a pro-French Indian ruler. By the time he left India in 1805 he had been promoted to major-general, and had gained a glittering reputation by conducting several successful campaigns and winning a number of hard-fought battles. There has been criticism of his role in extending British domination over India, and his recommendation of the use of harsh measures to crush any attempts by Indians to revolt.