Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, was Viceroy of India 1888-94. A British attempt to intervene in the affairs of the Indian kingdom of Manipur resulted in the capture and execution of five British officers in 1891. British troops occupied the kingdom and Landsdowne had five Manipuri leaders hanged for waging war on the British Empire despite opposition to this in Britain. His attempt to curtail trial by jury in 1893 was over-ruled by the home government. It is considered that his policies increased tensions between Hindus and Muslims.