Smoking shelter distance
The picture above shows a structure, which is marketed as a smoking shelter. It
has a height of 2.2m, length 2.2m and depth of 1.3m. It has a side, a part side
and back which contain a gap of 0.3.m at the base of each. It is distanced approximately
0.3 m from a building wall.
If we assume the perimeter to be under the roof then:
Total area on perimeter (T) = 2(2.2 x 2.2) + 2(1.3 x 2.2) = 9.68 + 5.72 = 15.4m2
Total area of solids (X) = (0.4 x 1.9) + (1.9 x 2.2) + (1.9 x 1.3) = 7.41m2
Totals area of gaps (space) (Y) = T- X = 15.4 – 7.41 = 7.99m2.
Expressed as %, X (solid) is 48.1 % of the smoking structure and Y (space) is 51.9%,
so Y is at least 50% of the structure. The structure complies, is not substantially
enclosed, and smoking could be allowed.
In South Ayrshire we would be concerned that the structure is placed near a building
wall. We would contend that the building wall is sheltering (see FAQs Q.11
smoking shelters and structures) and therefore the building wall should
be considered as being part of the structure and that the building wall is in fact
serving the purpose of a wall (see Q.10 smoking
shelters) for the structure.
We would say that the perimeter for calculation should not be set by the roof but
should be extended to include the building wall and the distance from the wall.
T = 2(2.2 x 2.2) + 2(1.6 x 2.2) = 16.72m2
X = 7.41 + (2.2 x 2.2) = 12.25m2
Y = T – X = 4.47 m2
Expressed as %, X (solid) is 73.4% of the smoking structure and Y (space) is 26.7%,
so Y is not at least 50% of the structure. It would be our view that the shelter
as sited does not comply, is substantially enclosed, and smoking should not be allowed.
In South Ayrshire we have taken a pragmatic and practical view at to how far a smoking
structure can be sited from another structure such as a building wall as explained
Q.12 smoking shelters. As a guide to we set that distance at 1.5 metres.
In the worked example if we were to site the shelter 1.5 m from the building wall
then T = 22 m2, X = 12.25m2 and Y = 9.75 m2. Mathematically Y is 44.3% of the structure
and is not at least 50%, so mathematically the structure is substantially enclosed.
The shelter would have to be sited just over 2m away from the building wall to obtain
at least 50%.
However we are dealing with real situations and not mathematical theory. The sheltering
Q. 11 smoking shelters) caused by the building wall on the shelter will
have many variables and cannot be readily calculated. Variables include: What significance
does the building corner make? What is the prevailing wind direction? The building
wall is constructed of brick (rough surface) and cladding (smooth surface), each
will have different effects?
The numerous variables and the fact that each situation is unique means that in
practical terms the sheltering effect cannot be calculated. However, the sheltering
effect exists and hence is the reason why in South Ayrshire we set a guide distance
Why 1.5m? The distance is simply a guide value and each situation should be looked
at on its own merits. We would always advocate trying to get as much distance as
possible between a smoking structure and another structure to assist in air circulation.
However in situations such as small enclosed court yards this is not always possible,
therefore the 1.5m becomes our minimum requirement and should be achievable in all
So for instance had the shelter in the worked example not been on a corner of the
building but further along we may have tried to persuade the owner to site the structure
at a greater distance than 1.5m, perhaps to nearer to the 2m or more indicated by
the mathematical calculation.
As stated it is our view that 1.5m should be achievable in all situations. If not
then we are likely to form the view that the area may be too small to be used for
a smoking structure. However we would not reject any proposal before fully assessing
the situation and may be able to offer practical advice.